So Chigusa
So Chigusa
So Chigusa

Git for everyone

Latest update: 2022-08-14

Tips on the basic/advanced use of git

Latest update: 2022-08-14

Tips on the basic/advanced use of git

Logo by Git

Use latexdiff

There is a git compatible version of latexdiff named latexdiff-vc. This compares the same latex documents in two different commits within a git repository. See here for more detailed desription and a usage example.

Use merge

I often personally use git merge to merge a draft that is written for a collaborative project that do not use git for version control.

First of all, I push all the modifications of the local files

git push origin master

Next, I make the master version back to the one corresponding to the period from which many people starts editing it.

git reset --hard (commit)

I make new branch on which I update the others modification to the draft

git branch (branch name)
git checkout (branch name)
cp (new draft) (old draft)

Finally, I make the master version to the newest to merge the modifications made by myself and others.

git checkout master
git pull origin master
git merge (branch name)

Remove the commit history file by file

Why did I need it?

At some point, I finished using bitbucket and transferred my repositories to github. One repository had a commit history that included a file larger than 100MB, which had been deleted in the newest commit. It did not cause any problem when I was using bitbucket, but did caused with github due to the size limitation. So, I needed to consistently remove all the commit information related to this large file.

What I did

I could find which file in the history had a large size using provided by Atlassian. I executed in the root of the repository


After identifying which file to be deleted, I executed


  "[target file name]"
target=$(printf " %s" "${TARGETS[@]}")
git filter-branch --index-filter "git rm -r --cached --ignore-unmatch ${target}" -- --all

IMPORTANT: please be aware that you take a back up of the repository before executing this, of course!

Share this post: